Blog
Panchakarma

Panchakarma

Panchakarma

What is Panchakarma?पंचकर्म क्या है ?

पंचकर्म Panchakarma is a set of five therapies designed mainly for cleansing the body of toxins. Ayurveda considers that the purification of the body is important before the commencement of any other therapy. Just such as old dirty linen is washed and purified before new colour can be added, similarly the body needs to be purified before replenishing it with the new colours of health, youthfulness, vigour and vitality.

Basic Principles

The process of Panchakarma generally starts with two sets of therapies: Oleation and Fomentation.

Oleation

Oleation involves application of oil or oily substance on the body. Ayurveda offers a variety of oils prepared from various herbal and mineral ingredients mainly for external use. Apart from oils and ghee used particularly for internal application. The fatty substance acts as an effective medium, manages to reach the deeper tissues, helps in carrying the medicinal ingredients to every cell of the body and loosen up toxins stuck in the cells.

Fomentation

The therapies that generate sweat are called fomentation therapies. Oleation therapies are generally followed by fomentation therapies. The tissues made soft by oleation therapies become more flexible by subsequent fomentation. Deep-rooted toxins loosened by oleation liquefy due to fomentation and help it to flush out of the body.

Application of the two principles

The principles of oleation and fomentation are applied through certain therapies. Some of these Ayurvedic therapies are:

Abhyanga

abhyangna

This is a type of body massage done using an appropriate herbal or medicated oil. It may be done for the entire body or a specific part such as the head, feet or joint etc. Its main purpose is to lubricate the body parts and pacify vata dosha.

 

 

 

Shirodhara

shirodhra
This is a specialized therapy aimed to relieve ailments related to the head region. In this therapy, a stream of warm oil is poured on the centre of the forehead through a vessel at a uniform speed. The temperature and speed of the oil stream are kept constant during the therapy that goes on for 30 to 60 minutes.

 

 

Pizhichil

pizhichil
Pizhichil is an excellent therapy for relieving joint, muscular and neurological problems. In this therapy, the whole body is subjected to streams of lukewarm medicated oil with simultaneous soft massage with rhythmic hand movements. It helps to relieve pain, nourish the nerves and muscles, reduce stress, and induce peace of mind and relaxation.

 

 

Potali Massage

potli-massage
This massage is done with special bags which contain either medicinal herbs or other nutritious items. The bags are heated in warm oil for few minutes and then are used for massaging the body. It is a great massage to relieve pain, reduce physical and mental stress, and nourish and rejuvenate the body.

 

 

The Five Therapies ‘Pancha’ ‘Karmas’

Vaman

(medicine induced emesis): In this treatment, a patient is given internal and external oleation and fomentation therapies for few days. Once the toxins get liquefied and gather in upper cavities of body, the patient is given emetic medicine and decoction. This induces vomiting and helps to eliminate toxins from the body tissues. Vaman therapy is especially recommended primarily for kapha-dominated conditions such as obesity, asthma and hyperacidity.

Virechan

(medicine induced purgation): In virechan, purgation or elimination of toxins occurs through the evacuation of the bowels. In this treatment as well, the patient is given internal and external oleation and fomentation therapies. After that, the patient is given a herbal laxative to facilitate evacuation of the bowels that helps in cleansing the body of toxins. Virechan therapy is recommended primarily for pitta-dominated conditions such as herpes zoster, jaundice, colitis, celiac disease etc.

Basti

(medicated enema): Administering medicated substances through enema is Ayurveda’s unique contribution to the medical world. The therapy has enormous benefits, especially in complicated and chronic diseases. As per the nature of disease, herbal decoctions, oils, ghee or milk are administered into the rectum and this has incredible positive effects. This therapy is extremely effective against vata-dominated conditions such as arthritis, piles and constipation.

Nasya

(nasal drops): This therapy is effective in clearing and cleansing the head region. At the beginning of the therapy, the head and shoulder regions are given a gentle massage and fomentation. Then, nasal drops are administered in both the nostrils. This brings about the cleaning of the entire head region and relieves various types of headache, migraine, hair problems, sleep disorders, neurological disorders, sinusitis, chronic rhinitis and respiratory diseases.

Raktamokshan

(Blood-letting): This therapy is good for cleaning of blood and effective against diseases caused due to impure blood. It can be done in a specific area or for the entire body. This therapy is particularly useful in various skin diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, and also in local lesions such as abscesses and pigmentation.

When not to go for Panchakarma

Panchakarma therapies should be avoided during fever, injuries and pregnancy. You should always go for Panchakarma therapy after consultation with a trained and qualified Ayurvedic physician who will design a therapy according to the state of your health.

Benefits of Panchakarma

Panchakarma can bring limitless benefits to the individual. It helps in,

Complete cleansing of the body
Elimination of toxins
Opening up of blocked channels
Improving strength of digestive fire
Speeding up metabolism
Reducing weight
Rejuvenation of tissues
Relaxing the mind
Relieving stress
Boosting immunity

Our therapies stay true to the ancient scriptures. Our treatments start with the powerful chanting of hymns. The herbs for the treatments are freshly picked from our garden on the day of treatment. Our doctors and therapists living on campus lead a holistic life, starting their day with Sudarshan Kriya and ending it by spending the evening along the lake, feeding the fishes with remnants of the treatments.

Abhyanga

A full body ayurvedic massage with light rhythmic strokes using special herbal oil.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Abhyanga

A full body ayurvedic massage with light rhythmic strokes using special herbal oil.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Uzhichil

An ayurvedic deep tissue massage, which is highly recommended for blood circulation.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Shirodhara

A wonderful relaxation process in which the scalp and forehead is caressed with a thin stream of medicated lukewarm oil. Shirodhara is extremely relaxing, rejuvenating and enhances the functioning of the central nervous system.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Marma

A healing therapy that works on subtle energy points to open up the blocks in the network. It enhances and balances the flow of Prana – the vital life-force, while giving total relaxation.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Facial Marma

A technique to stimulate and nourish the sense organs on the face.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Swedana

A therapeutic process of inducing sweat with the help of medicated steam that helps in removing accumulated toxins from the body.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Kerala Kalari Massage

A complete body, deep tissue ayurvedic massage, using foot and palms of the masseur with medicated herbal oil.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Patra Pinda Sweda (PPS)

A complete body massage using mediated boluses (potli) that helps to increase blood circulation along with healing stiff and injured body parts.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Sashtika Shali Pinda Sweda (SSPS)

A whole body massage using warm boluses with rice in milk allowing the body to sweat, which in turn helps in strengthening muscles and bones as well as nourishes the body.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Choorna Pinda Sweda (CPS)

A bolus (potli) of heated choorna along with medicated herbs, dipped in lukewarm oil is lightly massaged on the body to heal swelling and pain.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Pizhichil

The whole body is bathed in streams of lukewarm medicated oil in rhythmic movements, alongside soft massage, which is effective for relaxation of joint stiffness and pain.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Udwartana

This is a therapeutic full body massage with herbal powder (choorna) instead of oil, which helps to remove toxins and exfoliate the dead skin.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Pichu

A process of applying warm medicated oil externally over the affected areas that require treatments for conditions like back pain, Osteo-arthritis, Spondylitis, injuries etc.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Talapothichil (Shirolepa)

In this treatment, medicinal pastes are applied on the entire scalp. This treatment is renowned for its ability to heal problems related to the head and neck regions like migraine, certain psychosomatic diseases, arthritis, headache, insomnia, mental illness, hyper tension, sinusitis and others.

DURATION: 45 minutes

Nasya & Dhoomapana

Nasya or nasal therapy is a potent method to purify and nurture the mind and senses. This therapy cleanses, purifies and strengthens the nasal passages, thus allowing deep and easy breathing. It has miraculous results in treating congestion, allergies, sinusitis, headaches, migraine, rhinitis and other nasal infections. Dhoomapana is the inhalation of medicated fumes. It is an effective treatment for various sinus and respiratory diseases.

DURATION: 30 minutes

Vamana

It is a procedure where toxins in the upper part of the body (till the diaphragm and respiratory tract) are removed by medicated emesis.

DURATION: 30 minutes

Virechana

It is a detoxification procedure by which toxins that cause circulatory disorders and toxins related to the abdomen and pelvis are removed by purgation.

DURATION: 30 minutes

Raktamokshana

It is an effective procedure used for local detoxification by removing impure blood as in cases of eczema, acne, scabies, leucoderma, rash, metastatic and non-metastatic tumors.

DURATION: 30 minutes

Kati Vasti

A special treatment for chronic back pain that is done by retaining medicated oil in the affected area.

DURATION: 30 minutes

Janu Vasti

A therapeutic procedure of retaining medicated oil on the knee joint for specific period of time.

DURATION: 30 minutes

Uro Vasti

A therapeutic procedure of retaining medicated oil on the chest for a specific period of time.

DURATION: 30 minutes

Greeva Vasti

A therapeutic procedure meant for rheumatoid arthritis etc, wherein warm medicated oil is retained in the cervical area of the body.

DURATION: 30 minutes

Kashaya Vasti

This vasti is a medicinal concoction of honey and oil.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Picha Vasti

A type of Kashaya vasti wherein specific medicinal preparations are given.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Ksheera Vasti

This vasti is taken with medicinal concoction of specific herbs, medicines and Ksheera.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Matra Vasti

A cleansing procedure done through enema using medicated oil that is allowed to remain inside the colon for some time.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Prushta Vasti

This vasti involves retaining the medicated oil in the upper back region for a stipulated period of time.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Ropan Vasti

A type of vasti where the medicinal decoctions are given to remove dryness from the colon and heal the cell functions.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Shiro Vasti

This is a very effective treatment with medicated oils that is applied on the head for treating various ailments of the neck and head.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Shodhan Vasti

This vasti involves a dosage of herbal medicated concoctions in liquid form.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Sneha Vasti

A type of vasti taken through enema by retaining the medicine inside the colon for some time.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Sudhajala Vasti

A type of vasti to eliminate the vata (air) dosha, which is done in empty stomach.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Uttar Vasti

This vasti helps to eliminate aggravated dosha present in the reproductive system.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Yoga Vasti

This is a combination of three Kashaya vasti and five Sneha vasti.

DURATION: 15 minutes

Written by admin

Comments are closed.
Copyright © 2016 Medplus.in
Translate »